Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston

 
  • Family : COCHLOSPERMACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Bixaceae
  • Basionym : Bombax religiosum L.
  • Synonym(s) : Cochlospermum gossypium DC.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston
  • Common name : Yellow Silk-cotton Tree, Golden Silk-cotton Tree, Torchwood
  • Vernacular name : Galgal, Pilikapaas, Gajarakumbi (Hindi); Harishina boorege (Kannada); Thanukku, Kongillam (Tamil); Kondagogu, Kongu, Adaviburuga (Telugu); Kapasia, Pithalu, Konta palaso, Ganiyari (Oria); Girisalmalika, Silakarpasika (Sanskrit); Ganeri, Gogal, Chaor (Marathi); Appakudukka, Apparuthakka, Chembanji, Kokkamaram, Parapanji, Parappoola, Seemapanjimaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist and dry deciduous forests, stony hills
  • Comments / notes : Common in dry deciduous forests in rocky areas. Gum is sweetish, cooling, sedative and useful in cough.
  • Key identification features : Deciduous large tree
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Nagpur district, planted near temples for flowers
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Angul district, Mayurbhanj district, Sambalpur district, Malkangiri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cochlospermum religiosum. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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