Garcinia xanthochymus J. Hooker ex Anderson

 
  • Family : CLUSIACEAE
    (Garcinia Or Kokam Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KOKAM FAMILY (कोकम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CLUSIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Garcinia xanthochymus Hook.f. ex T.Anderson
  • Common name : Mysore Gamboge, Egg Tree, Himalayan Garcinia, Sour Mangosteen, Yellow Mangosteen
  • Vernacular name : Dampel Tamal (Hindi); Jaarige, Devajaarige (Kannada); Tamalamu, Iwaramamidi, Ivarumidi, Sikathimramu, Lolluri, Evaru madi (Telugu); Satyamba, Sitambu, Rajambo, Cheoro, Chiuri, Chinyara (Oria); Anavaya, Andoor mavu, Bhaviyam, Monthanpuli, Pinar, Thamala, Vayirapuli (Malayalam); Dharambo, Jhrambi, Ota (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Rare in evergreen forests, near stream of Eastern Ghats. The acidic fruits are edible. Sometimes planted
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Mumbai Suburban district, Kolhapur district, Pune district, Sindhudurg district
    • Odisha : Similipahal district (Mayurbhanj district), Mahendragiri Hills (Ganjam district), Parlakhemundi Hills (Gajapati district), Puri distrcit (Puri district), Sundergarh district (Sundergarh district), Phuljhari Valley (Boudh district), Rebna forest (Keonjhar district)
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Malay Peninsula
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Garcinia xanthochymus. Downloaded on 29 November 2020.

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