Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desr.

 
  • Family : CLUSIACEAE
    (Garcinia Or Kokam Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KOKAM FAMILY (कोकम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CLUSIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desr.
  • Common name : Ceylon Gamboge, Indian Gamboge tree
  • Vernacular name : Hiravi, Kalaskandhah, Kankustha (Sanskrit); Tamal (Hindi); Ardaala, Murinahuli, Jirigehuli, Devanahuli (Kannada); Chigiri, Daramba, Iravi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Key identification features : A small tree with yellow latex. Flowers are yellowish white, tetramerous; Stamens many, anthers are peltate showing circumscissile dehiscence. Fruit is a berry.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-August
  • Collection Nos : KFP 956, KFP 7081
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore.
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Flora of Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Garcinia morella. Downloaded on 14 August 2020.

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