Lophopetalum wightianum Arn.

 
  • Family : CELASTRACEAE
    (Staff-Tree Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : MALKANGANI FAMILY (मालकांगनी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CELASTRACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Spindle Tree
  • Vernacular name : Banale, Bel palle, Boralu palle (Kannada); Vembala, Venkadavam, Venkkotta (Malayalam); Venkittai (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Rare
  • Key identification features : Bark smooth, greyish-brown, forms huge buttresses.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-July
  • Collection Nos : Hohenacker (Metz) 324 (K) A, KFP 4960, KFP 7079
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Indo-Malayan
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Lophopetalum wightianum. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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