Euonymus indicus B.Heyne ex Wall.

    (Staff-Tree Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : MALKANGANI FAMILY (मालकांगनी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CELASTRACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euonymus indicus B.Heyne ex Wall.
  • Vernacular name : Vini (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Evergreen forests from Amboli (Maharashtra) to Thiruvananthapuram; elevation 160-1100m.
  • Key identification features : Small evergreen trees. Leaves elliptic to elliptic lanceolate, subcoriaceous, base acute, margin entire or obscurely crenate, acute at apex. Inflorescence axillary dichasioid cymes, 1-3 flowered, peduncles and pedicels stout. Flowers reddish, calyx 4-5 lobed, 1.3 cm in diameter, petals fimbriate. Capsule valves deeply obcordate
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Sindhudurg district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Salem district, Namakkal district, Tiruchirapalli district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : South India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Parthsarathy, N & Pragasan , A L 2009. Check List 5(3):542-569; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. indicus. Downloaded on 18 January 2021.

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