Casuarina equisetifolia L.

 
  • Family : CASUARINACEAE
    (Sheoak Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JUNGLISARU FAMILY (जंगलीसारू फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CASUARINACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Casuarina litorea L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Casuarina equisetifolia L.
  • Common name : She-Oak, Casuarine Wood Tree, Casuarina, Beef wood, Mile tree
  • Vernacular name : Junglee Jhan (Hindi); Gaali mara, Sarvae mara (Kannada); Aru, Chavukku, Chavakkamaram, Choola, Kattadi, Sampirani (Malayalam); Jamu, Jhabuko, Sobako (Oria); Saruku, Chavuku, Sarugudu (Telugu); Chavuku (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated in gardens, avenues and social forestry programs as an ornamental tree
  • Comments / notes : Introduced in plains and widely planted in ghats and on sea-shore sands. Timber is used for poles and fuel.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Collector(s) Name : R.Raghavendra Rao
  • Collection Nos : R.R.Rao 67
  • Collection Locality : Way to K.R.S (Mysore)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
  • Native : Bangladesh, Malaysia, South Asia, Australia
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Malay Peninsula, Malay Islands, Australia, Pacific
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Casuarina equisetifolia. Downloaded on 20 October 2020.

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