Crateva adansonii subsp. odora (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs

 
  • Family : CAPPARACEAE
    (Caper Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARIL FAMILY (करील फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CAPPARACEAE
  • Basionym : Crateva odora Buch.-Ham.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crateva adansonii subsp. odora (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs
  • Vernacular name : Varuna, Barun, Pitmaiel (Hindi); Vooli mara (Kannada); Uskiamanu, Magalingam, Voolemanu (Telugu); Varun, Barun, Pitmaiel (Oria); Mavalingam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains from the coast to 300m,and sometimes along water courses, also planted
  • Key identification features : Small tree
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), Nallamalai Hills (KNR, Prakasam district), Godavari valley (East Godavari district, West Godavari district)
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Sindhudurg district, Solapur district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Thanjavur district, The Nilgiri district
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crateva adansonii subsp. odora. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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