Capparis divaricata Lam.

 
  • Family : CAPPARACEAE
    (Caper Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARIL FAMILY (करील फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CAPPARACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Capparis divaricata Lam.
  • Vernacular name : Thottala (Kannada); Athandai, Sengathali, Toaratti (Tamil); Badreni (Telugu); Adandamkody (Malayalam); Pachunda (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry forests and on black cotton soil
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in scrub or deciduous forests up to 300m.
  • Key identification features : Fruit woody, corrugated with an acute apex, red when ripe
  • Flower, Fruit : March-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Guntur district, Kadapa district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district, Nalgonda district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Aurangabad district, Beed district, Kolhapur district, Latur district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Madurai district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Thanjavur district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharashtra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Capparis divaricata. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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