Cannabis sativa L.

 
  • Family : CANNABACEAE
    (Cannabis Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BHANG FAMILY (भांग फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CANNABACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cannabis sativa L.
  • Common name : Indian Hemp, Hemp, Marijuana plant, Gallow grass, Mary Jane, True hemp, Soft hemp
  • Vernacular name : Bhang, Ganja, Charas, Jia, Cheras (Hindi); Bhangi, Ganja (Kannada); Kanjachedi (Tamil); Siddapatri, Ganjika (Sanskrit); Ganja, Charas (Marathi); Kanchavu, Sivamooli (Malayalam); Bhang, Ganja (Oria); Ganzai, Genjari-chettu, Bangi-aku (Telugu)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Comments / notes : On hills to 800m or above. Rare in wild. Occasionally cultivated clandestinally.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-April
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Ballari district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : Central Asia
  • World Distribution : Central Asia to Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cannabis sativa. Downloaded on 25 February 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.