Tamarindus indica L.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tamarindus indica L.
  • Common name : Tamarind Tree, Indian date, Sampalok
  • Vernacular name : Imli, Titar, Amli (Hindi); Hunase mara (Kannada); Puliya maram, Puli (Tamil); Chinta (Telugu); Kaiyan, Tentuli, Tetul (Oria); Amlika, Tintrini (Sanskrit); Chinch (Marathi); Amlam, Balapuli, Kolpuli, Puli, Valampuli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1200m. Common avenue semi-evergreen tree and also planted for the fruits used in condiments and essential cooking.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Planted
  • Native : Tropical Africa
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tamarindus indica. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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