Senna tora (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Cassia tora L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Senna tora (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Foetid Cassia, Sickle pod, Ring worm plant, Sickle Senna, Wild Senna
  • Vernacular name : Chakunda, Panevar (Hindi); Thagache, Chagache (Kannada); Oosithagarai, Tagarai (Tamil); Tantemu, Tantipu, Tella kasirya, Chena kasivinda (Telugu); Chakunda, Dhola chakunda (Oria); Chakra marda (Sanskrit); Takla, Tarwad (Marathi); Chakramandarakam, Thakara, Ponthakara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests, also Low lying places and roadsides.
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1400m. In low-lying fields, river banks and wasteland. A characteristic foetid smell when the plant is broken.
  • Key identification features : Woody stem with long curved pods; leaflets 3-pairs; gland appendge between leaflets in rachis
  • Flower, Fruit : September-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Kadapa district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, West Godavari district, Anantapur district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Karnataka : Bellary district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Kandhamal district, Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Africa, Arabia, Pakistan, East wards to Polynesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Senna tora. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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