Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Cassia sophera L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Foetid Senna, Senna sophera, Pepper leaved Senna
  • Vernacular name : Kasondi, Kasaunda, Baski-kasunda (Hindi); Alemuruga, Kasamarda (Kannada); Ponnavarai (Tamil); Pydi tangedu, Kenda-kashinda (Telugu); Ghodachakumda (Oria); Kasamarda (Sanskrit); Junglitakla (Marathi); Ponnanthakara, Ponnavirum (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Road sides, Margins of Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in road sides of district of Andhra Pradesh as well as south India
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02/01/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-278
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Ravikumar & Balachandran-2014, Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(8): 6108–6121; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Senna sophera. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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