Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Cassia occidentalis L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link
  • Common name : Coffee Weed, Negro Coffee, Stinking weed, Coffee Senna, Foetid senna, Septicweed
  • Vernacular name : Kasondi, Kasandi (Hindi); Kola thagache (Kannada); Paayavarai, Thagarai, Nattamtakarai (Tamil); Pedda kasivinda, Cashanda, Kashindha (Telugu); Kusundra, Kasinda, Chakunda, Kola chakunda (Oria); Kasamarga (Sanskrit); Rantakla (Marathi); Karinthakara, Mattanthakara, Natharamthakara, Peyaviram, Ponnari, Ponnariveeram, Ponnionthakara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Margins of scrub forests, occasional in low elevations and roadsides
  • Comments / notes : On plains from coast to 1400m. Sometimes as a weed. Pods are used sometimes as an adultrant to coffee.
  • Key identification features : Leaflets 4 - 6 pairs; foetid when broken
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 16/06/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 36433
  • Collection Locality : K.K.Kottala, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Nellore district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Kadapa district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Kandhamal district, Ganjam district, Koraput district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical weed
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Senna occidentalis. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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