Senna alexandrina Mill.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Cassia angustifolia Vahl; Cassia senna L.; Cassia medica Forssk.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Senna alexandrina Mill.
  • Common name : Tinnavale Senna, Indian Senna, Alexandrian Senna, Bombay Senna, Indian Senna, Tinnervelly Senna
  • Vernacular name : Sanay (Hindi); Nelavarike (Kannada); Ponnavari, Tinnevelly Senna, Nilavirai (Tamil); Svarnapatri, Sunamuki (Sanskrit); Chunnamukkiyila, Sunnamukkiyila (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Occasional in plains, also on foothills
  • Comments / notes : Sometimes near cultivation
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Anantapur district
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Idukki district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Tiruvannamalai district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Coimbatore district, Villipuram district
  • Native : Tropical Africa
  • World Distribution : India, Africa, Arabia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Senna alexandrina. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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