Senna alata (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Cassia alata L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Senna alata (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Candle Cassia, Candle Bush, Carrion Crow Bush, Candlesticks, Empress candle plant, Ringworm Cassia, Winged Senna
  • Vernacular name : Dadmurdaare, Dadmari (Hindi); Aane thagathe (Kannada); Vandu raali, Seematyagatthi (Tamil); Dadrughana (Sanskrit); Chakrathakara, Elakayam, Malamthakara, Puzhukkadikonna, Puzhukkadithakara, Seema-agathi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Along riversides and margin of ponds and also planted in gardens
  • Comments / notes : In plains, often along water courses, near cultivation and also near habitations. Sometimes planted in gardens as an ornament.
  • Key identification features : Large shrub or small tree; stipules persistent and deltoid
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
  • Native : South America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Senna alata. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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