Parkinsonia aculeata L.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Parkinsonia aculeata L.
  • Vernacular name : Naaivelan (Tamil); Simatumma (Telugu); Vedibabhul, Vilayatikikar (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Arable lands and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 500m along moist places and banks of rivers; also planted
  • Key identification features : Thorny tree
  • Flower, Fruit : July-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district, Prakasam district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Rayagada district, Koraput district, Balasore district, Ganjam district, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Parkinsonia aculeata. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.