Humboldtia brunonis Wall.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Humboldtia brunonis Wall.
  • Vernacular name : Hasige mara (Kannada); Kattasokam, Kaduasoka (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in evergreen forests of Western Ghats and as an understorey; elevation 400-1000 m.
  • Key identification features : A small evergreen tree of Western Ghats. Leaves are compound with short petiole and even pinnate; leaflets in 2 pairs, up to 20cm long and 7 cm broad; stipules are leaf-like with kidney-shaped basal appendages. Inflorescence is a raceme, up to 15cm long. Flowers are attractive with pink sepals and white petals tinged pink. Fruit is a leathery pod.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-June
  • Collection Nos : CJS 10592, CJS 15990, CJS 12834, KFP 6564
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Ernakulam district
    • Tamil Nadu : The Nilgiri district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southern Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Humboldtia brunonis. Downloaded on 14 December 2019.

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