Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Poinciana regia Boj. ex Hook.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf.
  • Common name : Red Gulmohar, Gulmohar, Flamboyant Flame Tree, Royal poinciana, Gul Mohur, Flamboyant tree, Flame tree, Peacock Flower
  • Vernacular name : Gulmohar (Hindi); Kempu Torai (Kannada); Mayilkonrai, Peda narayan (Tamil); Simasankesula, Erra Sunkesula (Telugu); Gulmohr (Oria); Alasippoomaram, Anasippoomaram, Poomaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted along roads and avenues
  • Key identification features : Medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading crown. Bole is buttressed. Leaves are pinnately compound. Bark is light brown and relatively smooth forming buttress at the base. Flowers are deep-red to orange-red and showy. Fruit is a long pod, flat, green when young turning black upon maturity
  • Flower, Fruit : April-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Planted
    • Karnataka : Planted
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Planted
  • Native : Madagascar
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Delonix regia. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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