Chamaecrista absus (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Cassia absus L.
  • Synonym(s) : Senna absus (L.) Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Chamaecrista absus (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
  • Common name : Hairy Cassia
  • Vernacular name : Chakur, Chaksu, Banar (Hindi); Kadu huliga (Kannada); Mulaipaalvirai, Karunkkollu (Tamil); Chanupala vittulu (Telugu); Chakshushya (Sanskrit); Chimar (Marathi); Karinkolla, Thakarakeera (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Abundant in disturbed grounds in deciduous forests, also degraded forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains to 1400m.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district), Salem district, Namakkal district
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Chamaecrista absus. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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