Cassia fistula L.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Cassia rhombifolia Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cassia fistula L.
  • Common name : Indian Laburnum, Golden Shower, Purging fistula, Fistula, Purging cassia
  • Vernacular name : Sonhali, Amartas, Sundaraj, Girimalah (Hindi); Kakke mara, Konde mara (Kannada); Sarakkonrai, Konnei (Tamil); Rela (Telugu); Sonari, Sunari, Argavada, Barachakunda, Bhalutherga, Bhahetherga (Oria); Aragwadha (Sanskrit); Kanikonna, Karnikaram, Konna, Kritamalam, Swarnaviram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1400m. Wild on hills, often planted
  • Key identification features : Medium-sized tree with spreading crown; flowers yellow on drooping raceme; fruits long and hard
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B. Manohar & B. Gurudev Singh
  • Collection Date : 19/03/1980
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11050
  • Collection Locality : M.M. Hills, Chamarajanagar district (KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Prakasam district, West Godavari district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Koraput district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Malay Islands, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cassia fistula. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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