Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Reichardia decapetala Roth
  • Synonym(s) : Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston
  • Common name : Mysore thorn, Black bonduc, Shoofly
  • Vernacular name : Aila, Uri, Relu, Kando (Hindi); Kurudu gejjuga (Kannada); Sirukalacchi, Purrhadukki (Tamil); Gadda Korinda, Korinda (Telugu); Gilo (Oria); Inna (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Degraded forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 1400m
  • Key identification features : Prickly straggler
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Keonjhar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : Tropical & sub-Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia decapetala. Downloaded on 8 December 2019.

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