Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Mezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight. & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.
  • Common name : Brasiletto climber
  • Vernacular name : Mullodu balli (Kannada); Kaka-kalingi-valli, Verimullu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional up to 1000m. A massive liana on lofty trees
  • Key identification features : Stem with conical corky protuberances bearing a pair of hooked thorns
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collection Nos : KFP 10651, HFP 1465
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district
  • Native : Indo-Malaysia
  • World Distribution : India, Malaysia, Andaman (India), China, Indo-China, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia cucullata. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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