Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Guillandina bonduc L.
  • Synonym(s) : Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming; Caesalpinia crista sensu Gamble auct. non L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Bonduc-nut, Fever-nut, Physic-nut
  • Vernacular name : Katkaranj, Gataran, Karanju, Katkaliji (Hindi); Gajaga, Gajjuga, Heggejjuga (Kannada); Kalichikai, Kazharchikkaai (Tamil); Gatchakai, Gachakaya (Telugu); Kotakoleja, Gilogila (Oria); Lata karanja (Sanskrit); Kalimarakam, Kazhanji, Kazhanchikkuru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Hedges and scrub forests, also in plains and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : In plains up to 1000m. Also in forest clearings. Common in hedges and thickets of scrub forests
  • Flower, Fruit : August-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Ganjam district, Cuttack district, Puri district, Khurda district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : Tropics
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caesalpinia bonduc. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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