Bauhinia variegata L.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Phanera variegata (L.) Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bauhinia variegata L.
  • Common name : Mountain Ebony, The Variegated Bauhinia, Orchid tree, Purple orchid tree
  • Vernacular name : Kachnar, Khairwal, Mohota (Hindi); Kempu mandara (Kannada); Sigappumanch, Sigappumantharai (Tamil); Kanchnamu, Mandari (Telugu); Kanchano, Kachu, Borrara Thero (Oria); Kanchanara (Sanskrit); Chuvannamandaram, Malayakathi, Kovidaram, Mandaram, Kongu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often planted as an ornamental tree
  • Flower, Fruit : September-May
  • Collector(s) Name : S.R. Ramesh & S.B. Manohar
  • Collection Date : 26/10/1978
  • Collection Nos : KFP 3897
  • Collection Locality : B.R. Hills, Chamarajanagar district (KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district
  • Native : China
  • World Distribution : China, India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Himalayas, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bauhinia variegata. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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