Bauhinia racemosa Lam.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Piliostigma racemosum (Lam.) Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bauhinia racemosa Lam.
  • Common name : Indian Kanchan
  • Vernacular name : Kanchan, Gurial, Kachnal, Ashta (Hindi); Akalupada (Kannada); Aathi, Malai-anthi, Kokkumantharai (Tamil); Are, Pachare (Telugu); Ambalota, Ambhota, Ambata, Amata, Ambanasia, Kathal, Ambabasia (Oria); Shweta Kanchan (Sanskrit); Apta (Marathi); Aathi, Arampali, Malamandaram, Malayathi, Mandaram, Kotapuli, Kudambulimandaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common, on foothills to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Small deciduous tree
  • Flower, Fruit : April-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, China, Malay Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bauhinia racemosa. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.