Bauhinia phoenicea Heyne ex Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Basionym : Phanera phoenicea (Wight & Arn.) Benth.
  • Synonym(s) : Bauhinia benthamii Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Crimson Mountain Ebony
  • Vernacular name : Kempu Yatha balli (Kannada); Vallimandaram, Thukarakalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in forests of Western Ghats.
  • Key identification features : Large climber
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha, B.Gurudev Singh & B.Ajay Kumar
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4668, KFP 12610
  • Collection Locality : Shiradi Ghat (Hassan)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bauhinia phoenicea. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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