Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.

 
  • Family : CAESALPINIACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Synonym(s) : Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bauhinia malabarica Roxb.
  • Common name : Malabar Mountain Ebony, Malabar bauhinia, Mountain ebony
  • Vernacular name : Ampti, Amlosa (Hindi); Basavanapada (Kannada); Vellatthi, Mantharairi (Tamil); Pulichinta, Pedda-ari (Telugu); Koteli, Gumbati (Oria); Kanchanara (Sanskrit); Arampuli, Vellamandara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Valleys of forests, Deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Small bushy deciduous tree
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Collector(s) Name : K. Sankara Rao, Navendu Page, Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-332
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Kurnool district,
    • Karnataka : Bellary district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Angul district, Dhenkanal district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Malay Islands, Java
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bauhinia malabarica. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.