Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight & Arn.

    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : IMLI FAMILY (ईमली फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Indian Ash, Red or Pink Cedar, Single Tree
  • Vernacular name : Madhani (Hindi); Hantige, Belangi (Kannada); Nelrai (Tamil); Kurangadi, Narivenga, Karangan (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent along Western Ghats. Timber is useful for building and furniture.
  • Key identification features : An unarmed lofty deciduous tree with buttressed trunk; leaves are bipinnate, pinnae 3-5 pairs, each with 5-6 pairs of large leaflets, which are bright red when young. Flowers are green with crimson stamens. Pod is flat with the upper suture winged.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-March
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia, Africa
  • Conservation Status : Rare (R)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. fraxinifolius. Downloaded on 16 April 2021.

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