Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.

 
  • Family : CACTACEAE
    (Cactus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NAG PHANI FAMILY / CACTUS FAMILY (नागफणी फैमिली / कैक्टस फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CACTACEAE
  • Basionym : Cactus dillenii Ker Gawl.
  • Synonym(s) : Opuntia stricta var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D.Benson; Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw.; Cactus strictus Haw.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.
  • Common name : Prickly Pear
  • Vernacular name : Nagphani (Hindi); Papasu kalli (Kannada); Sappathikalli (Tamil); Brahma Jamudu (Telugu); Nagphani, Nagophenia (Oria); Nagamullu, Nagathali, Palakakkalli, Rakthakally (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 300m in wastelands
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collection Nos : KFP 421, KFP 10683
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Udupi district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Davanagare district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Introduced in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Flora of Karnataka, Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Opuntia dillenii. Downloaded on 30 November 2020.

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