Garuga pinnata Roxb.

 
  • Family : BURSERACEAE
    (BURSERA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Burseraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Garuga pinnata Roxb.
  • Common name : Grey Downy Balsam Tree, Garuga
  • Vernacular name : Jiga, Ghogar, Khogar, Kharpat, Kaikar (Hindi); Halabalage, Goddana mara (Kannada); Karu vembu (Tamil); Garuga chettu, Garuga, Kondavepa, Garugudu, Garugu karra (Telugu); Mohi, Sompotri, Saradi, Handala mohi, Handurmai, Kath-kusum, Kenkat, Kolimoi (Oria); Krishnamlika, Golika (Sanskrit); Annakkara, Eechakkara, Karuvembu, Kareyam, Kattukalasam, Kattunelli, Kosramba (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 800m in moist deciduous belt in full sun.
  • Key identification features : Large tree with short, croweded panicles
  • Flower, Fruit : January-August
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh R
  • Collection Date : 12/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-73
  • Collection Locality : Kavalur Observatory, Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : All districts of Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia, China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malesia, Thailand, Indo-China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, 1996; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; .
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Garuga pinnata. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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