Canarium strictum Roxb.

  • Family : BURSERACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Burseraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Canarium strictum Roxb.
  • Common name : Black Dammar Tree, Black dhup, Indian white Mahogany
  • Vernacular name : Kaala Dammer (Hindi); Nalla rojanamu (Telugu); Kuruppu, Kungiliam (Tamil); Halemaddu (Kannada); Karunkungiliyam (Tamil); Karutha-kungiliyam, Kungiliyium, Kunthirikkam, Pantham, Pantappayan, Thelli, Viraka, Thellippayin (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 1000m in evergreen and shola forests. Forms buttresses. The resin is highly medicinal and also used as frankincense
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Pune district, Raigad district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. strictum. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at