Canarium strictum Roxb.

 
  • Family : BURSERACEAE
    (BURSERA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Burseraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Canarium strictum Roxb.
  • Common name : Black Dammar Tree, Black dhup, Indian white Mahogany
  • Vernacular name : Kaala Dammer (Hindi); Nalla rojanamu (Telugu); Kuruppu, Kungiliam (Tamil); Halemaddu (Kannada); Karunkungiliyam (Tamil); Karutha-kungiliyam, Kungiliyium, Kunthirikkam, Pantham, Pantappayan, Thelli, Viraka, Thellippayin (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 1000m in evergreen and shola forests. Forms buttresses. The resin is highly medicinal and also used as frankincense
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Pune district, Raigad district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canarium strictum. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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