Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

 
  • Family : BRASSICACEAE
    (MUSTARD FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Brassicaceae
  • Basionym : Sinapis juncea L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
  • Common name : Mustard, Common Indian Mustard, Chinese Mustard, Brown mustard
  • Vernacular name : Rai, Sarson (Hindi); Saasive (Kannada); Kadugu (Tamil); Avalu, Sanna avaalu (Telugu); Rai sorish (Oria); Rajika (Sanskrit); Kaduku, Cherukaduku (Malayalam); Mohari (Marathi)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated throughout for its seeds. Sometimes seen as an escape.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Cultivated
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Central Asia
  • World Distribution : Central Asia to tropics of the World, Europe
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Brassica juncea. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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