Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masamune

 
  • Family : BORAGINACEAE
    (FORGET-ME-NOT or BORAGE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Boraginaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ehretia microphylla Lam.
  • Common name : Philippine tea
  • Vernacular name : Kuranguvethilai, Kodikalai, Kurinjaa chedi (Tamil); Bapana burri (Telugu); Kujjipano, Guachipo (Oria); Kuranguvettila (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills as an undergrowth in thickets, in scrub jungles and dry deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : July-March
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh R
  • Collection Date : 27/11/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-161
  • Collection Locality : Foothills of Sadasivakona forest, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : India, Malaysia to Formosa, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Carmona retusa. Downloaded on 16 December 2019.

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