Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

 
  • Family : BOMBACACEAE
    (Bombax Or Kapok Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SEMAL FAMILY (लटकन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MALVACEAE
  • Basionym : Bombax pentandra L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.
  • Common name : Kapok Tree, White Silk Cotton Tree
  • Vernacular name : Safed Simal (Hindi); Bili buruga, Haasige hati mara (Kannada); Elavam (Tamil); Swetasalmali (Sanskrit); Dayna, Kapok, Panjimaram, Poola (Malayalam); Salmali, Shameula (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often planted in hilly plains up to 800m.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Aurangabad district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Pune district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Planted
  • Native : Africa
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharashtra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ceiba pentandra. Downloaded on 28 September 2020.

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