Bombax insigne Wallich

 
  • Family : BOMBACACEAE
    (Bombax Or Kapok Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SEMAL FAMILY (लटकन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bombax insigne Wall.
  • Common name : The White Silk Cotton Tree
  • Vernacular name : Poola, Kallilavu, Ilavu, Parei-ilavu (Malayalam); Shalmali (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Moist deciduous forests and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains. The cotton from the fruit is used for making surgical dressings
  • Key identification features : A lofty fast growing buttressed tree with conical prickles on the young stem; branches are arranged in whorls. Leaves are palmately compound with 5-7 lanceolate leaflets:Flowers that appear in clusters are conspicuous, attractive and light red: stamens numerous and occur in six bundles around the style. Fruit is a capsule with seeds are embedded in silky floss.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-May
  • Collector(s) Name : K.P.Sreenath, Raja Keshava Murthy & B.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5099, CJS 16013
  • Collection Locality : Jaipura (Chikmagalur)
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Aurangabad district, Kolhapur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district
  • Native : India, Myanmar and New Guinea
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bombax insigne. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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  • Mohammod Abdur Rahim 2021-01-16 07:13:26

    Kindly send us your feedback to shankarrao@iisc.ac.in, herbarium@ces.iisc.ernet.in
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