Bombax ceiba L.

 
  • Family : BOMBACACEAE
    (Bombax Or Kapok Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SEMAL FAMILY (लटकन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bombax ceiba L.
  • Common name : Silk Cotton Tree, Malabar Semul
  • Vernacular name : Nurma, Huttian, Semal, Simal (Hindi); Kempu buruga (Kannada); Mullulavu, Booruga chettu (Telugu); Ilavu, Purani (Tamil); Simalu, Simili, Simal (Oria); Shalmali (Sanskrit); Kate-saver (Marathi); Elavu, Kandilavu, Mocha, Mullilavu, Panjimaram, Pichila, Poola, Poorani, Pulamaram, Unnamurikku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains of deciduous forest up to 800m, sometimes reaching to 1400m; moist deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests and also in the plains Timber is used for matches and coffins
  • Flower, Fruit : February-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Tamil Nadu : All forests in Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Asia extending to East-West New Guinea
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bombax ceiba. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.