Bixa orellana L.

 
  • Family : BIXACEAE
    (BIXA or ACHIOTY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Bixaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bixa orellana L.
  • Common name : Lipstick Tree, Butter-seed Tree, Arnatto Tree
  • Vernacular name : Sandoori, Latkan (Hindi); Bangaara kaayi mara, Rangumalle, Kumkumipalada mara, Kesari mara (Kannada); Japhara, Jabra (Telugu); Japhara (Tamil), Sakta, Gulbas, Sundri (Oria); Monkey-mailanchi, Kunkumam, Kurangumanjal, Sindooram (Malayalam); Kisri, Shendri (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Exotic species, planted in gardens. Seeds are used for extracting a red dye.
  • Key identification features : A small evergreen tree
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Cultivated all districts
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bixa orellana. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.