Oroxylum indicum L.

 
  • Family : BIGNONIACEAE
    (BIGNONIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Bignoniaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz
  • Common name : Broken bones Tree, Indian Calosanthes, Midnight Horror, Indian trumpet flowet, Tree of Damocles
  • Vernacular name : Sonapatha, Sagru, Sauna, Sona, Karkath (Hindi); Thigade mara (Kannada); Godugu Chettu, Akumanu, Nemali Chettu, Pampini, Peddakatti, Sakana-nasamu, Pampini Chettu, Konda pampina chettu (Telugu); Pependi, Bhalu-sakti, Phemphana, Phampan (Oria); Syonaka (Sanskrit); Aralu, Palakapayyani, Payyazhantha, Valpathiri, Veluthapathiri (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Occasional in mixed deciduous forests, along streams, rivers and cool sides of the hills in the forests
  • Comments / notes : Sometimes planted in avenues and gardens
  • Flower, Fruit : July-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district, Dhenkanal district, Mayurbhanj district
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Himalayas, Indo-China, Malaysia, Western & South China, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Oroxylum indicum. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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