Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum.

 
  • Family : BIGNONIACEAE
    (BIGNONIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Bignoniaceae
  • Basionym : Bignonia quadriloculare Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Heterophragma roxburghii DC.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum.
  • Common name : Waras
  • Vernacular name : Warras, Pullung (Hindi); Kapu-gargu, Kala-goru, Baray-kalikod, Bondugu, Koligottu, Barukoli-gottu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional
  • Flower, Fruit : December-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Malkangiri district
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Harish Bhat et.al, 2013- Netrani Island Report; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Heterophragma quadriloculare. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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