Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (Composite Or Aster Or Sunflower Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GENDA FAMILY (गेंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : COMPOSITAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Baccharoides anthelmintica (L.) Moench
  • Common name : Purple Fleabane
  • Vernacular name : Kalijeera, Somraj (Hindi); Adavijilakara (Telugu); Aranyajeerka (Sanskrit); Kattucheeragam (Tamil); Kalajirakam, Karinjeeragum, Kattujeeragum, Krimisathru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 750m,fallow fields, wasteland, deciduous forest and also grown as medicinal plant
  • Flower, Fruit : October-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Kalhandi district, Ganjam district, Bolangir district, Bargarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Indo-Malesia, Afghanisthan, Laos
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vernonia anthelmintica. Downloaded on 6 April 2020.

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