Spilanthes oleracea L.

  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (Composite Or Aster Or Sunflower Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GENDA FAMILY (गेंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : COMPOSITAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Toothache Plant; brazilian cress, Para cress
  • Vernacular name : Kuppamanjal (Malayalam_
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated. The florets have a chemical 'Spilanthol', which acts as a local anaesthetic on the gums when chewed.
  • Key identification features : A small annual herb; Stem hairy; Leaves simple; Florets tubular, small; Fruit oblong, hairy.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Malappuram district
  • Native : South America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : K.S.Rao-Flowering Plants of IISC, 2009; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Spilanthes oleracea. Downloaded on 28 November 2021.

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Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.