Sonchus oleraceus L.

  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (Composite Or Aster Or Sunflower Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GENDA FAMILY (गेंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : COMPOSITAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L.
  • Common name : Common Sow Thistle, Milk Thistle, Milk weed
  • Vernacular name : Dudhi, Dodak, Titlia (Hindi); oosithagarai (Tamil); Ratrinta (Telugu); Varapputhannel (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 900m,a weed of cultivation, fallow fields, shola forests etc.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Chittoor district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Keonjhar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dindigul district
  • World Distribution : Cosmopolitan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. oleraceus. Downloaded on 6 June 2023.

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