Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Hygrophila spinosa T.Anderson; Hygrophila schulli (Buch.-Ham.) M.R.Almeida & S.M. Almeida; Hygrophila schulli var. alba P. J. Parmar; Asteracantha longifolia Nees
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
  • Common name : Long-leaved Barleria
  • Vernacular name : Talimakhana (Hindi); Kolavaalike, Neeru goobli gida (Kannada); Kazhudhai mullu, Neerumulli (Tamil); Kokilaksah, Iksurah (Sanskrit); Talimkhana (Marathi); Koelekha (Oria); Neermully, Vayalchulli (Malayalam); Gobbichettu, Neerugubbi (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Marshy places in open deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often in marshy ground, along water courses. Less on hills to 1400m
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02/01/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-289
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Africa, Asia
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalayas, India, Myanmar, China, Malaya, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Tropical Africa, Indo-China
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Hygrophila auriculata. Downloaded on 19 August 2019.

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