Pentanema indicum (L.) Ling

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (COMPOSITE or ASTER or SUNFLOWER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Basionym : Inula indica L.
  • Synonym(s) : Vicoa indica (L.) DC.; Pentanema indicum var. indicum (L.) Ling
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pentanema indicum (L.) Ling
  • Common name : Golden Daisy
  • Vernacular name : Bana sebati (Oria); Sonkadi (Marathi); Malathi (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Degraded forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1300m. A weed of cultivation and also an aggressive colonizer.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Kurnool district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Villipuram district
  • World Distribution : India, China, Thailand, West tropical Africa, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : N.P. Singh, P. Lakshminarasimhan, S. Karthikeyan & P. V. Prasanna (2001). Flora of Maharashtra state, Dicotyledones. Vol. 2. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah, T & Ali Moulali, D., 1997. Flora of Andhra Pradesh. Vol. 2; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pentanema indicum. Downloaded on 23 October 2019.

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