Parthenium hysterophorus L.

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (COMPOSITE or ASTER or SUNFLOWER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Parthenium hysterophorus L.
  • Common name : Congress Weed, Parthenium, Santa maria fever few, Carrot Grass
  • Vernacular name : Congress gida, Parthenium gida (Kannada); Vishachedi (Tamil); Congress gaddi (Telugu); Gajargawat (Marathi); Congress pacha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : A weed of human habitaitons
  • Comments / notes : An invasive weed of wastelands, tank bunds and paddy fields; an aggressive colonizer
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Parthenium hysterophorus. Downloaded on 5 December 2019.

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