Launaea sarmentosa (Willd.) Sch.Bip. ex Kuntze

  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (Composite Or Aster Or Sunflower Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GENDA FAMILY (गेंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : COMPOSITAE
  • Synonym(s) : Launaea pinnatifida Cass.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Launaea sarmentosa (Willd.) Sch.Bip. ex Kuntze
  • Vernacular name : Bonapatre (Kannada); Kadalkozhuppa (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : On plains by the coast; sandy places and along river banks.
  • Key identification features : Herb with yellow juice. Flower-heads standing singly or 2 together, arising from the nodes, upto 1/2 inch long. Corolla yellow. Fruit a cylindrical achene.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-November
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vizianagaram district
    • Karnataka : Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Balasore district, Kendrapara district
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. sarmentosa. Downloaded on 28 November 2021.

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