Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (COMPOSITE or ASTER or SUNFLOWER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Synonym(s) : Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
  • Common name : False daisy, Trailing eclipta, Bhringaraj, Thistles
  • Vernacular name : Bhringraj, Bhangra (Hindi); Bhringaraja gida (Kannada); Karisalaganni, Kaiyaanthavarai (Tamil); Galagara, Kunta galagara (Telugu); Bhringarj, Kesarda, Bhrungaraj (Oria); Bringhraj (Sanskrit); Maka (Marathi); Kaithonni, Kaiyan-takara, Kanjunni, Kayyunni (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1300m. Common in clayey moist ground, like bunds of paddy fields, by water courses and drainages
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Pantropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Eclipta prostrata. Downloaded on 5 December 2019.

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