Echinops echinatus Roxb.

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (COMPOSITE or ASTER or SUNFLOWER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Echinops echinatus Roxb.
  • Vernacular name : Gokru, Utakanta (Hindi); Brahmadandi (Kannada); Batresh (Oria)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Open forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in plains and wasteland
  • Flower, Fruit : September-March
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, Chittoor district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Vizianagaram district, Vishakapatnam district, Krishna district, East Godavari district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Odisha : Bargarh district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district
  • Native : Afghanistan
  • World Distribution : India, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Echinops echinatus. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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