Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

 
  • Family : ASCLEPIADACEAE
    (MILKWEED FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Tylophora asthmatica (L. f.) Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
  • Common name : Panacea Twiner, Emetic Swallow-wort, Emetic swallow-wort, Indian ipecacuanha
  • Vernacular name : Antamool, Jangli-pikran, Jangli pikvam (Hindi); Aadu muttada balli (Kannada); Nach-churuppan, Nanja-murich-chaan (Tamil); Verri pala, Kaka pala, Kukka pala, Telegapala, Poda pacchali, Vetti pala, Tellayadala, Tellavedivela, Neelatapiri (Telugu); Mendi, Mulini, Mendisag, Inturudia, Banka (Oria); Antrapachaka (Sanskrit); Vallippala (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Scrub and deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Often grows on thickets and bushes in plains to hills of scrub and deciduous forests up to 1000m. Plant extracts are used in native medicine.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district, Chittoor district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district, Mysuru district, Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Ganjam district, Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district
  • World Distribution : India, Seychelles, Sri Lanka to Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Bangladesh
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983. (Based on Sankar Rao indication- synonimiesed); Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tylophora indica. Downloaded on 18 August 2019.

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