Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) K.Schum.

 
  • Family : ASCLEPIADACEAE
    (MILKWEED FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Basionym : Asclepias annularis Rox.
  • Synonym(s) : Holestemma rheedei Spreng. ex Wall
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Holostemma ada-kodien Schult.
  • Common name : Holostemma
  • Vernacular name : Palaykirai (Tamil); Dudipalatige, Pala-gurugu, Palatura, Palagaddalu, Palajilledu (Telugu); Moran arak, Mouron arak (Oria); Adamothiyan, Adakkodien, Adakotti, Adapathiyan, Padalakizhangu, Thinnampala (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Scrub and dry deciduous forests, also in plains
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 17/10/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 37659
  • Collection Locality : K.K. Kottala, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Dhenkanal district, Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Myanmar, China, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holostemma annulare. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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